More about Taurine
Taurine is the second most abundant amino acid in muscle tissue, with glutamine being the first. But it's not actually part of the muscle tissue. Rather, it's primarily in the amino acid pool within each muscle cell and is, in fact, not even a component of protein but remains free in our bodies. It does, however, act as the building block of other amino acids.
Many experts consider taurine conditionally essential because intense exercise as well as other types of stress deplete the nutrient.
By mimicking insulin, taurine may shuttle blood sugar and amino acids into muscle cells, ultimately playing a prominent role in cell volumizing. What this means is simply that cells become "super-hydrated," which research suggests may trigger greater muscle protein synthesis and less muscle protein breakdown. This could lead to enhanced muscle size and strength.
Research has also revealed that supplementing with taurine may decrease the amount of a chemical marker called 3-methylhistadine (3-MH), which is a telltale sign that taurine appears to help reduce muscle protein breakdown.
Brain and nervous system functions
Taurine helps create nerve impulses by aiding the transport of potassium, sodium, calcium, and magnesium in and out of our cells. Thus playing a key role in brain and nervous-system function and blood-pressure regulation. It's also an inhibitory neurotransmitter or calming chemical messenger and cell membrane stabilizer, which means it helps calm the brain and nervous system and may help treat anxiety, epilepsy, and other excitable brain conditions and is considered a mild sedative.
More good news
Recently, supplemental taurine's been found in research to have some very promising potential effects for people who have suffered from heart failure. Heart failure occurs when the heart can't pump blood throughout the body efficiently. Taurine appears to enhance the contractile action of the heart, so it pumps more forcefully. Some experts suggest taurine may also help lower blood pressure, although research has not yet supported that contention.
Taurine is also vital to the proper digestion of fats, absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, and control of cholesterol levels. Some studies have indicated taurine's effect on lowering cholesterol in the liver and thinning bile may also make it effective for preventing gallstones.
As a component of white blood cells, taurine is also involved with proper immune functioning and the war against free-radical damage.
A unique amino acid, taurine is essential — especially to those individuals who live with increased activity, stress, or anxiety. All in all, taurine is necessary to help keep the body in optimal working order.